IGU Centennial Congress Paris, 18th-22nd July 2022
Don't miss our Commission's special meetings during the IGC Paris!
- Join us for the IGU Tourism Commission Business Meeting on Friday 22nd July 2022 at 10.30am, Grand Amphithéâtre, Institut de Géographie, 191 Rue Saint-Jacques, 75005 Paris (MAP).
- The Tourism Geographies Journal social gathering will take place on Thursday 21st July 2022 at 5:30pm in the Luxembourg Gardens by the Fontaine Médicis, BYO drinks+snacks!
- The Distinguished Lecture for the IGU Commissions Excellence Award by the IGU Tourism Commission took place at the Paris IGC on Tuesday 19th July 2022, 8:30-10:15 AM at the Centre Panthéon-Sorbonne (Amphi 3) delivered by invited speaker Prof. Joseph M. Cheer PhD (Wakayama University, Japan), presented by IGU Executive Committee member, Prof. Elena dell'Agnese (Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, Italy) and moderated by Dr Julie Wilson, IGU Tourism Commission Chair. The lecture was entitled: Reacquainting with a place called Tourism Geographies: A metamorphosis in the making? The Excellence award was won by our Commission in 2017 and we were finally able to accept the award and host the Excellence lecture in Paris! (Watch the recording of the lecture HERE).
Paper sessions sponsored by the IGU Tourism Commission
Chair: Josep A. Ivars-Baidal, University of Alicante firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Anna Torres-Delgado, University of Surrey, email@example.com
Co-chair: Carmen Hidalgo-Giralt, Autonomous University of Madrid firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Francisco Femenia-Serra, Nebrija University email@example.com
New Urban Tourism, Challenges For Practice, Policy And Theory
Chair: Jan Henrik Nilsson, Lund University
Co-chair: Lena Eskilsson, Lund University firstname.lastname@example.org
From Second Homes To Zoom-Towns: Changing Geographies Of Multilocal Living
Chair: Dieter K. Müller, Department of Geography, Umeå University, Sweden email@example.com
Co-chair: Vuk Tvrtko Opačić, Department of Geography, University of Zagreb, Croatia firstname.lastname@example.org
Open Paper Session: IGU Tourism Commission
Chair: Velvet Nelson, Sam Huston State University VAN001@shsu.edu
Co-Chair: Julie Wilson, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya email@example.com
The Multifaceted Relationship Between Festivals, Events And Public Space
(Co-sponsored by the FESTSPACE Project)
Chair: Alba Colombo, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Bernadette Quinn, Dublin Institute of Technology email@example.com
Tourism And Routing: Exploring The Economic, Cultural and Political Dimensions of Walking Routes
Chair: Alessia Mariotti, Dept. of Life Quality Studies, Centre for Advanced Studies in Tourism, University of Bologna firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Chiara Rabbiosi, Dept. of Historical and Geographic Sciences and the Ancient World, Centre for Advanced Studies Mobility & Humanities, University of Padova email@example.com
Co-chair: Szilvia Gyimothy, Dept. of Marketing, Copenhagen Business School firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Maria Laura Gasparini, Dept. of Life Quality Studies, Centre for Advanced Studies in Tourism, University of Bologna email@example.com
Regenerative Development And Tourism Geographies: A Timely Turn?
Chair: Joseph M. Cheer, Wakayama University, Japan, firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-Chair: Loretta Bellato, Swinburne University of Technology, Australia, email@example.com
Temporary Urbanism: Fixing The City In Post-Pandemic Times?
(Co-sponsored by the IGU Commissions on Urban Geography and Tourism, Leisure and Global Change, in collaboration with the TURBA and NOUTUR research groups (Open University of Catalonia, UOC) and the T-Factor Project )
Chair: Ramon Ribera-Fumaz , Universitat Oberta de Catalunya firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Hug March, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya email@example.com
Co-chair: Julie Wilson, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Mara Ferreri, University of Northumbria email@example.com
From Overtourism To Undertourism…And Back Again? Confronting Post-Pandemic Tourism “Regrowth” With Postcapitalist Pathways
Chair: Asunción Blanco-Romero, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-chair: Macià Blázquez-Salom, Universitat de les Illes Balears email@example.com
Co-chair: Robert Fletcher, Wageningen University firstname.lastname@example.org
Stronger Together: Tourism, Communities, And Destination Resilience
Chair: Bailey Ashton Adie, Wakayama University, Japan email@example.com
Co-chair: Alberto Amore, Solent University, UK firstname.lastname@example.org
Tourism And Community Resilience: Symbiosis And Conflicts In The Anthropocene
Chair: Jarkko Saarinen, University of Oulu, Finland email@example.com
Co-chair: Siamak Seyfi, University of Oulu, Finland Siamak.firstname.lastname@example.org
Tourism-Dependent Islands: Exploring Post-Pandemic Futures
Chair: Regina Scheyvens, Massey University email@example.com
Co-chair: Apisalome Movono, Massey University firstname.lastname@example.org
Repenser Le Tourisme En Amérique Latine
Chair: Rita de Cássia Ariza da Cruz, Universidade de São Paulo, Brésil email@example.com
Co-chair: Daniel Hiernaux-Nicolas, Universidad Autónoma de Querétaro, Mexique firstname.lastname@example.org
Don't miss these tourism-related sessions from other IGU Commissions:
UGI202203 - Coastal Tourism, Heritage And Nature Conservation In The Anthropocene
A101494KS - Cultural Geography Of Asian Cities: Interfacing Heritage, Tourism, And Urbanization In Making Future Sustainable (Virtual)
A101496SC - Tourism And Trails: Enhancements And Actions For Marginal Areas In Post-Pandemic Scenarios
A101448FB - Tourism Governance In The Anthropocene: Enhancing Landscape, Local Knowledge And Pro-Environmental Behaviour For Facing Environmental Crisis
A101467AT - Government And Local Communities In Participatory Processes Towards Sustainable Management Of World Heritage Sites
A101489JR - Heritage And Sustainable Development: The Importance Of Geographical Thinking
> The main goal of this session is to explore how tourism is changing and the implications of its recent transformations in the re-conceptualization and management of tourism in different territorial environments (urban, coastal, rural, etc.). The coevolution of tourism together with other dynamics at different scales (social, economic, technological, environmental factors) is favoring transition processes in destination systems that require new perspectives of analysis and action, in which Geography is called to play a relevant role.
• New strategies for consolidated tourism destinations
• Inland and alternative tourism products
• P2P accommodation
• Cultural tourism
• Overtourism and touristification processes
• Social and spatial inequalities
• Urban tourism
• Mobilities and tracking
• Smart destinations
• Identities, landscape and tourist territories
• Post-growth and post-covid tourism strategies
• Proximity tourism and sustainability
> One of the most important trends in contemporary tourism is a consistent increase in urban tourism, both in absolute terms and as part of general tourist flows. Alongside quantitative growth, a qualitative change towards untraditional forms of urban tourism takes place. The increase in urban tourism relates to fundamental changes in human mobility patterns in recent decades, driven by cheap travel, improved access to travel information, and new business models based on platform economies. People tend to be increasingly “on the move”, both physically and digitally. We can also see signs of significant change in tourist activities among large groups of urban tourists, including increasing interest in “authentic” experiences of urban everyday life.
These changes in urban tourism cultures are increasingly visible in districts “off the beaten track” that some decades ago were largely untouched by the presence of tourists. Tourism has become an important factor for understanding contemporary spatial change in cities, including critical issues related to tourism driven gentrification, housing conflicts, and social exclusion. The developments of new urban tourism is thus crucial for understanding urban structural change in general and the developments of new social and economic geographies of different kinds of tourist district in particular. Growing urban tourism also causes environmental problems at different scales, from local disturbance to global climate change.
This session addresses practical and theoretical challenges caused by emerging forms of urban tourism, and embraces a diversity of perspectives on recent development in urban tourism geographies.
Abstracts are therefore invited for, but not limited to, the following:
• Developments in urban tourism geography
• Economic geographies of urban tourism
• Urban planning and management
• New urban tourism and place development
• Cultural change in urban tourism
• Alternative approaches to urban tourism
• Conceptualizations related to “New Urban Tourism”
• Urban place conflicts related to tourism
> During the Covid-19 pandemic second homes quickly became a focal point of attention in many countries. Initially, many second-home areas experienced a growing presence of their owners, seeking refuge from the crowdedness in urban areas. Sometimes this development triggered heated debate about the roles of second-home owners as spreaders of the disease and as burdens for local health care services. However, mobility restrictions introduced to fight the geographical spreading of the infectious disease, also implied a dramatic change for the structural preconditions of second-home use. Partly, international second-home owners were unable to access the properties abroad or alternatively, were trapped in their second-home abroad. Partly, as reaction on restricted international travel opportunities, the interest to purchase second homes in one’s home country increased dramatically, too. However, second homes were not solely desirable places for their owners. Allowing for privacy they became a popular form of commercial tourist accommodation during the pandemic. Furthermore, the rapid introduction of online-communication technologies demonstrated the possibilities for remote work, particularly for individuals within upper service sector industries. This entailed speculation about a spatial re-organization of work life including a shift to more multilocal living arrangements and the establishment of zoom-towns in attractive amenity-rich locations. Moreover, after experiencing the Covid-19 crisis an increased awareness of the potential occurrence of other disasters – environmental, socioeconomic, or political – can add to the notion of second homes as safe havens, also affecting where, when and for how long second homes are used.
The Covid-19 pandemic and its impacts on mobility and living arrangements also imply a challenge to how geographers conceptualize not only the second-home phenomenon. Second homes have for a long time be seen at the intersection of tourism and migration. By blurring borders between these categories further, the recent development underlines also the need to revisit notions and theorizations of home and away as well as tourism and everyday life, respectively.
Against this background the objective of this session is to facilitate scientific debate on the changing geographies of second homes during and after the Covid-19 pandemic in different countries. The session welcomes theoretical contributions conceptualizing the ongoing change as well as empirical contributions documenting the impact of the recent development on mobility and tourism patterns, community development and housing markets, settlement patterns, as well as households’ living arrangements and mobility aspirations. Papers may also present perspectives on planning and policy implications. Furthermore, even contributions utilizing innovative methodologies to capture second-home mobilities are welcome. The session is organized around oral paper presentations.
> This open paper session is organised by the International Geographical Union (IGU) Commission on Tourism, Leisure and Global Change and aims to unite those papers on topics related to tourism and leisure geographies that do not have a clear fit within any of the thematic sessions organised by the Tourism Commission. We invite papers on tourism geographies topics by scholars from within and beyond the tourism geographies field and discipline. Following the abstract review process, this session has been divided into seven sub-sessions as follows:
Wednesday 20th July 2002
Sub-session 1: Tourism, the media and audiovisual cultures
Sub-session 2: Tourism Geographies in Post-Pandemic Times
Sub-sesion 3: Geographies of Cultural, Heritage and Religious Tourism
Sub-session 4: Contemporary Perspectives on Tourism and Regional Development
Sub-session 5: Tourism Geography Topics
Thursday 21st July 2022
Sub-session 6: Tourism, labour and gender perspectives
Sub-session 7: Geographies of nature-based and rural tourism
> Research has highlighted the critical and multifaceted role of festivals held in public space in contemporary societies. Such a role includes fostering belonging and togetherness and facilitating people’s social participation. However, it is worth remembering that places are not neutral and alien to social realities but embedded in power relations. Public space becomes the arena where diversity, visibility, alienation, inclusion and exclusion intersect. Moreover, not only space but also time is key in shaping social relations and the links between people and places within the background of memory and tradition. On the other hand, in recent times, Covid-19 and the imperatives of social distancing have urged festival’s organisers to move over for new formats that also condition the interaction between people and space.
For this multi-session track, we invite contributions that investigate any dimension of the multifaceted roles of festivals held in public space and address conceptual and methodological issues in this field. The sessions welcome contributions from different disciplines (e.g., geography, anthropology, cultural studies) as well as empirical studies using quantitative, qualitative or mixed methods.
We will be considering a wide range of topics on the future of events and communities for this track, including for example:
● Celebrations, memory, commemorations and traditions
● Event spaces during pandemic
● Language, identity and events
● Impact of Covid-19 on event organisers and participation
● The future of community events
● Social cohesion, social capital and events
● Online communities and virtual events
● Hybrid events (online/offline mixing and new developments)
● The future development of traditional events
● New uses of space by/for events and festivals
● Events and the future of cities and regions
> Interest in promoting walking holidays to tourist audiences and providing the infrastructure necessary for undertaking these holidays - such as paths, signposts, digital apps, and walker-friendly accommodation and services – has increased in the last few years. Walking route promotions may emphasise the spiritual dimensions of following an ancient pilgrimage trail or of walking through nature. But walking routes may also pivot around literary or gastronomic themes, in so doing intersecting common cultural tourism themes. Often, the limited carbon footprint walking routes require to be experienced and the physical benefits of outdoor activity are also stressed. Along these lines, local, national and transnational policies have been implemented, seeking to exploit walking routes as a tool to promote lesser-known regions. Safety and security perceptions (also with respect to Covid-19) have added a further layer to the promotion and consumption of walking routes. Walking routes therefore are not just infrastructure but a placemaking strategy, to augment the imaginaries, affordances and attractiveness of rural regions. They are co-produced by a wide range of actors, cutting across diverse domains (from public to private, commercial to spiritual and human to ‘more-than-human’ actors), and emerge as a multi-layered social and spatial practice. As such, walking routes are subject to frictions, conflicts and inclusion and exclusion patterns; however, these aspects have been overlooked by recent research on walking routes, which has mostly concentrated on the potential benefits of walking route promotions. Besides the advocacy of walking route development, there is a need to critically address how an increasing number of walkers and (post)pandemic leisure mobilities affect fragile environments. What are the controversial aspects of walking routes’ planning and management that often mobilise principles of cultural identity, social cohesion and economic development? How do social and spatial representations connected with walking routes and walking tourism contribute to forge specific discourses on bodies, places and identities? How are these representations enacted and challenged by walking performances? How are tourists’ walking mobilities confronted with other walking mobilities (e.g. migrants, workers)?
We invite papers addressing the above-mentioned questions, including conceptual papers or case studies that may focus on:
- localism, nationalism, europeanisation and transnationalism about and around walking routes
- the moral production and consumption of walking tourists (eg. through “en route” narratives broadcasted by promotion agents, digital platforms, residents, walkers)
- learning while walking, enhancement of proprioception, kinesthesia, etc. through digital and material design
- more-than human entanglements and encounters in walking routes (animals, plants, atmospheres)
- walking routes and ‘footprints’ (from ecological discourses to embodied forms of place-making through walking)
- walking routes and mobilities contradictions (eg. between migration and leisure mobilities)
- walking routes and multimodal transport in tourism
- rethinking walking routes as tourist destinations (governance, legal frameworks and policy networks)
> In the shadow of COVID-19, the clarion call to rethink global tourism is unmistakable in its urgency. Calls to dismantle old models that are no longer workable is advocated on one hand, while conversely, the economic exigencies to restart and return to some semblance of normalcy is amplified, as the economic shocks and its assemblages bite deeper, the more drawn out the pandemic induced pause persists. In the ensuing milieu, the global tourism hiatus has afforded stakeholders with an unprecedented opportunity to take stock and reflect on future pathways. One such turn that is experiencing enormous momentum, is the recognition and advocacy toward regenerative development as a response to the ills of tourism that have hitherto lead to considerable discontent, hand wringing and debate. By extension, regenerative tourism has transpired as a response to unsustainable mass tourism and extractive business models, as seen in the overtourism debate. As Bellato & Cheer (2021) opine, “Arising from the margins of tourism practice, “regenerative tourism” has emerged, prioritizing the regeneration of communities and places”. Bellato & Cheer draw from Pollock (2015) who “advocates for developing the capacity to work towards healthy and regenerative tourism systems which require communities to understand and enact their roles as stewards within their place”. Furthermore, as Hes & Duplesis outline, regenerative development “conceptualises humans as having a reciprocal relationship with nature, and “regenerative approaches work towards building the capacity of communities to restore ecosystems, economies and societies”.
In turning to regenerative development in tourism geographies, (Bellato et al, 2021; Ateljevic, 2020; Cave & Dredge, 2020; Matunga et al, 2020), their entreaties position tourism activities as interventions that develop the capacities of places, communities and the wider stakeholder group in harmony with interconnected social-ecological systems. Regenerative tourism has gained momentum in response to calls for radical transformations that address the climate crisis, and now the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the limited engagement with regenerative development in tourism geographies, this session welcomes papers that engender regenerative principles and are multi and cross-disciplinary in orientation. Research on related topics including critical tourism geographies, social-ecological resilience, sustainable tourism, inclusive tourism, placemaking and conscious travel, among others, are sought. We also welcome papers exploring the time/space-related binaries such as uniqueness and repetition, instant and duration and their implications for regenerative tourism. These may be tentative or inadvertent entanglements with the concept or conversely, deliberate and long-running encounters. Both exploratory and well-established endeavours with regenerative development are welcomed, be they conceptually focused or empirically driven.
Keywords: Regenerative development, Regenerative Tourism, Inclusive Tourism, Placemaking, Social-ecological Resilience, Sustainable Tourism, Tourism Geographies
> Increasingly emergent since the 2008 global financial crisis in the frame of austerity urbanism (Peck, 2012; Ferreri 2021), temporary urbanism has been extensively used by cities across the world as a response to the severity and urgency of the Covid19 pandemic. In this context, as low-cost and flexible initiatives, temporary urbanism strategies have been critical in delivering fast responses to the challenges of crisis situations such as pandemics (i.e. meanwhile spaces, tactical urbanism, pop-up shops, guerilla urbanism, ephemeral urbanism etc.).
In all their diversity, temporary urbanism strategies have arguably gone mainstream, embedded within a growing debate on their role in shaping alternative urban futures. On the one hand, advocates of temporary urbanism claim that it is not only a quick fix to context-specific issues. Rather, temporary uses may open up the possibility to explore and design new urban solutions; (re)configurations that can help tackle current social, economic and environmental challenges while re-imagining the city of the future (Martin et al 2020; Lidon and Garcia 2015). On the other hand, there is a growing literature that critically interrogates the increasing role of temporary urbanism as part of neoliberal urbanisation and austerity urbanism (Peck 2012; Brenner, 2015; Ferreri 2021). Such tactics can lead to cronyfied ephemerality and precarity, while narrowing the possibilities for urban action within neoliberal meta-narratives.
This session aims to shed light upon the consolidation of temporary urbanism today; a topic that has received little attention in geographical debates. After Ferreri (2021:9), the session will contribute to the building of a “critical and grounded approach to the phenomenon” that provides situated perspectives on the opportunities (social, environmental, economic, etc.) and challenges that may open up. In particular, it is hoped that paper contributions will contribute empirically grounded research, either via single case or comparative studies, expanding our understanding of temporary urbanism across a diversity of geographies.
Abstracts submitted to this session should specify the purpose, contribution, significance, and relevance of the research covered therein to the session call.
> The ongoing COVID pandemic has dramatically impacted tourism in nearly every destination worldwide. One of the most striking of these impacts can been the way it quickly and decisively ended growing complaints about “overtourism” in many popular destinations in the years prior to the pandemic, instead replacing these with newfound concerns about the negative economic consequences of the resulting “undertourism” produced by pandemic travel restrictions. Most tourism planners are now strategizing to manage the tourism regrowth already beginning or projected to begin once the pandemic further recedes. Yet these responses take very different forms in different locations: while some places aim merely to restimulate tourism to pre-pandemic levels or beyond, even further liberalizing regulation to achieve this, others appear to be taking the pandemic as an opportunity to proactively manage or limit tourism regrowth to forestall a return of overtourism and its discontents. But a less analyzed option is degrowth, through a reorientation the activity in the Global North in favour of improvements in equity, justice and collective well-being.
Starting from the basis that tourism does not have to be a capitalist activity, it is proposed that sustainable tourism requires the acceptance of limits based on the commons and promoting them through post-capitalist forms of production and exchange.
In this session, we explore how a range of prominent tourism destinations previously experiencing overtourism are situated within this spectrum. Taking documentation of the pre-COVID debates concerning overtourism as a baseline, we explore how these discussions and associated policy measures have transformed in the time since in preparation for a post-pandemic future. We ask how new measures introduced or proposed promise to address the pre- or mid-pandemic tourism impacts to which they are directed and what the likely outcomes of such interventions will therefore be in years to come. We also explore more radical proposals to reform tourism more dramatically away from the growth-oriented model long dominating the global tourism industry. The purpose of this call for contributions is therefore, on the one hand, to diagnose re-growth trends and, on the other, to explore alternative ‘spaces of hope’ to develop a roadmap of pathways towards post-capitalist tourism.
> Tourist destinations are among the most vulnerable localities worldwide and face short-term and long- term challenges from natural hazards and climate change. However, while international organizations and national governments have been stressing the concept of resilience, particularly in the face of the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, its application in tourism geographies and destination planning is still in its infancy. The inherently fragmented nature of destination governance represents a further challenge to the capacity and adaptability of destinations seeking to become more resilient. According to Hall, Prayag and Amore (2017), one of the conditions necessary to achieve destination resilience is engagement in cohesive forms of communicative planning that benefits the community at large. However, mainstream policy discourse frames resilience “as an abstract top-down expert conceptualization, unconnected to those facing and dealing with disasters on the ground” (Andersen, 2019: 169). Arguably, reframing resilience beyond the current policy as usual regime requires a shift form governance to metagovernance in tourism (Amore & Hall, 2016) that puts the interests and the value of the community at the center.
According to Amore et al (2018), more evidence around the social elements of resilience is required from stakeholders at the destination level. Thus, and in line with the current emphasis on bottom-up decision-making and inclusive planning, this session proposes a focus on the variety of communities who consider these destinations “theirs”, inclusive of both visitors, second homeowners, permanent residents. These multiple communities are unified through their connections to the destination and experiences both past and present, resulting in overlapping identities across time and space. Thus, true destination resilience requires both cohesion and inclusivity of these multiple and overlapping communities. Thus, this session seeks to explore the variety of ways in which the multiplicity of communities at a tourism destination respond and adapt to change. While any relevant topic will be considered, the following suggested themes for the session are:
• Inclusive community metagovernance and destination resilience
• Community responses to climate change in destinations
• Community activism and destination resilience
• Identity, communities, and destination resilience
• Destination resilience, communities, and nostalgia
• Community perceptions of vulnerability
• Sense of place, climate change, and destination resilience
• Community-based tourism and destination resilience
• Second homes and destination resilience
• Community dissent and destination resilience
> Constant and accelerating change characterises contemporary human systems, everyday life and the environment. Resilience thinking has become one of the major conceptual tools to understand and deal with change. It is a multi-scalar idea referring to the capacity of individuals and human systems to absorb disturbance and reorganise their functionality while undergoing a change. In tourism, resilience has emerged as an alternative framework for thinking about the relationships between tourism and nature/culture in the Anthropocene. The idea of the Anthropocene is used as an indication of global change and environmental crisis and the Earth’s limits to growth due to increasing anthropogenic influence and impacts on natural systems. As a result, humans are considered as one of the ‘great forces of/in nature’. In tourism, this is manifested in the past intensive growth of global tourism and its consequences to destination communities and systems and their resilience and sustainability. Indeed, while the tourism industry is often seen as a beneficial activity for destination communities in tourism policies and regional development visions, good intentions and plans do not always materialize in practice. Instead, the tourism industry and its growth ideology can result in negative changes for communities, which challenge the sustainability of tourism development. Therefore, the positive economic aspects of tourism should be placed in an equation consisting of both the advantages and disadvantages of tourism development in destinations and their socio-ecological systems.
This session focuses on tourism and community relations in the context of resilience thinking, sustainable development and the Anthropocene. These relations are complex, contextual and potentially conflicting operating in different spatial, social, political and time scales. All this makes the study of tourism and community nexus challenging to theorise, conceptualise and analyse empirically. The session aims to gain an overview of the role of tourism in community development and discuss the complexities of local benefit creation in tourism. The session welcomes both conceptual papers and empirical case studies.
> The aim of this session is to explore the dilemma facing many Small Island Developing States (SIDS) globally: how to rebuild their economies post-pandemic when they have invested so much in a single sector, tourism. This over-reliance on tourism skews economies and often results in multiple challenges including negative socio-cultural impacts and environmental damage, not least climate change.
SIDS are characteristically highly dependent on tourism revenue. For example, Cook Islands relies on tourism for 70% of GDP, the Maldives 56.6 % of GDP and Aruba 73.6% of GDP (WTTC, 2020). Due to the coronavirus pandemic many SIDS chose to close their borders completely to international tourists for over a year, with obvious implications in terms of massive loss of jobs and associated stress on households, devastating reductions in government revenue and increased vulnerability to other shocks (Gössling et. al., 2020; Rutynskyi & Kushniruk, 2020). While there have been major struggles for many island states as a result of these border closures, some residents have expressed that there have also been ‘silver linings’ in terms of the ways in which people have turned to the land and sea to meet their livelihood needs, reassessed their priorities, found alternative ways to generate revenue, and seen greater levels of community cohesion and support, to name a few.
This session welcomes papers which explore post-pandemic futures for island states, particularly those drawing on research with residents, business people and policy makers resident in SIDS. Examples from the Caribbean, Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans are very welcome. Related themes might include, but are not limited to:
• Development geographies of tourism-dependent islands during a pandemic
• Resilience and adaptation among communities in SIDS in the face of the global pandemic
• Counter-narratives focusing on positive implications of the pandemic for island states
• Plans and prospects for resetting economies and reconsidering the dominance of the tourism industry, post-pandemic.
> Avec l'augmentation de la mobilité et la mondialisation des économies, le tourisme occupe désormais une place importante en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes, avec des variations entre les différents territoires dans lesquels il opère. Leurs populations contribuent également de manière significative aux flux internationaux en plus d'avoir développé un important tourisme interne. Si bien, d'une part, le tourisme joue un rôle important dans la production de richesses et dans la génération d'emplois dans la Région, d'autre part, il est aussi responsable de la génération ou de l'aggravation des contradictions socio-spatiales historiques et actuels.
Dans ce contexte, les études de cas sur l'impact du tourisme en Amérique latine et dans les Caraïbes se sont multipliées dans des environnements géographiques très différents, comme les montagnes, forêts, zones rurales, zones côtières, îles ou villes, mais il manque néanmoins une vision globale du phénomène touristique fondée sur la reconnaissance du rôle des agents les plus importants, tels que les États-nations, les multinationales qui ont réenclenché les principaux domaines d'accumulation du tourisme dont les voyages internationaux, l’immobilier, l'exploitation hôtelière et tous les services connexes. Une analyse critique est requise des impacts locaux et, en même temps, des dynamiques territoriales induites par le jeu des acteurs, qui se traduisent par de plus grandes inégalités régionales, des mouvements inégaux de capitaux, de personnes, de biens et d'images, et dans les processus d'accumulation de richesse ; loin d'améliorer la qualité de vie des majorités, cette accumulation inégale commercialise leurs territoires et les modes de vie, dégrade l'environnement et contribue à leur plus grande dépendance vis-à-vis d'emplois mal rémunérés.
Fondée sur le dialogue entre la géographie critique et les champs disciplinaires connexes, cette session vise à promouvoir des réflexions sur le rôle du tourisme dans la production de l'espace latino-américain et caribéen, en considérant les conflits et les contradictions inhérents à ce processus. La session est structurée en deux plages horaires et comprend les sujets suivants : l'approche critique du tourisme dans la géographie latino-américaine et caribéenne; mondialisation et tourisme; inégalités socio-territoriales et tourisme; précarité du travail dans le tourisme; tourisme et urbanisation inégale.
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